domingo, 31 de outubro de 2010

Dilma é a próxima presidente do Brasil

Comemorar agora e trabalhar logo amanhã de manhã. Qualquer analista de plantão sabe que os desafios e problemas pela frente são muitos. A oposição está unida e elegeu muitos governadores.

Ser a primeira mulher e ser eleita presidente com suporte de um presidente com alta popularidade traz desafios enormes; governar sem interferência e mostrar que é capaz de uma liderança politica e ainda manter uma economia e as reformas necessarias. Tem ainda que conseguir se livrar dos petistas radicais que estão de plantão.

veja reportagem do The Guardian

Dilma Rousseff wins Brazil's presidential election
Dilma Rousseff wins election in Brazil with 55% of the vote, beating José Serra, who trailed on 44%

Dilma Rousseff, who has won the election for president of Brazil, greets supporters in the city of Porto Alegre. Photograph: Nabor Goulart/AP
A former Marxist rebel who was jailed and tortured during Brazil's military dictatorship last night became the first female president in her country's history.

With 96% of votes counted, Dilma Rousseff had 55.72% of the vote while her rival, José Serra from Brazil's Social Democracy Party (PSDB), trailed on 44.28%.

"I thank Brazilian men and women for this moment," said 62-year-old Rousseff as she left her home in Brasilia last night en route to celebrations.

"I promise to honour the trust they have shown in me."

An estimated 135 million Brazilians went to the polls yesterday to choose between Rousseff, the handpicked successor of Brazil's Workers' Party (PT) president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, and Serra, a 68-year-old former health minister who was running for president for the second, and almost certainly last, time.

Rousseff had looked badly deflated after being forced into a second-round run-off with Serra earlier this month but recent polls showed her pulling away, largely thanks to Lula's growing involvement in her campaign.

She won a landslide victory in Brazil's impoverished northeast, where Lula was born, polling nearly 66% compared to Serra's 27.5% and also dominated much of the Amazon region.

Rousseff takes power in a country on the rise, which is expected to be the world's fifth-largest economy by the time it hosts the 2016 Summer Olympics.

In the lead-up to the election José Eduardo Dutra, the president of the PT, said voters had been offered the choice of "a model that attempted to include all Brazilians" and one that promoted "income concentration and … the growth of one group of Brazilians".

"Dilma's government will advance further in terms of reducing inequality," he said.

In a televised debate on Friday night, Rousseff, a notoriously tough technocrat who underwent plastic surgery in a bid to boost her appeal, said: "I promise to create a country filled with opportunities for everyone, where millions of Brazilians are able to enjoy access to the material benefits of civilization."

"Twenty-eight million Brazilians have been lifted out of poverty and I will remove the remaining 20 million."

Despite the buoyant mood among PT leaders last night, the race for Brazil's presidency has inspired few voters on either side, with neither candidate enjoying Lula's flair or wit.

Observers described the vote as more of a referendum on Lula, while the front-page headline of one Rio newspaper yesterday exclaimed: "Phew! It's over."

Many supporters hope Lula, who is likely to leave power on January 1 with approval ratings of over 80%, will attempt a comeback, possibly as early as 2014, the year Brazil hosts the World Cup.

"There is a big possibility of … president [Lula] being a candidate again either in 2014 or in 2018," admitted Marcia Carvalho Lopes, Brazil's social development and hunger minister and a PT member.

Before then the new government will face a barrage of issues, not least fighting what the country's finance minister recently called a global "currency war".

The value of Brazil's currency, the real, has ballooned since president Lula took power, leaving exporters despondent and leading Goldman Sachs to classify it as the most overvalued currency on earth.

Public security remains a major problem, despite some advances, with nearly 50,000 homicides per year. South America's largest nation is also facing a growing crack-cocaine crisis. A recent study by the Cebrid thinktank claimed nearly 9% of 9-18-year-old Brazilians use the drug.

With Brazil's economy booming, analysts say investment in infrastructure and education is needed to sustain growth .

"Brazil will only leave behind its position as an emerging power and become a developed country if we guarantee quality education to our children," Rousseff admitted last week.

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